www.independent.co.uk 17th September 2o10
The American company Joule Biotechnologies announced on the 14th September that it has patented an organism that can create hydro-carbons directly from sunlight. The organism was created from a modified cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) merged with various enzymes. Unlike other bio-fuels, “Joule’s Liquid Energy” does not require additional sugar and, the company believes, can be used as a replacement for ethanol and diesel fuels. Current tests are taking place in Texas and if successful the organism can be rolled out on a commercial scale by 2012. Due to the relatively simple manufacturing process the bio-fuel could be on the market cheaper than conventional fossil fuels.
Exxon Mobil are pursuing a similar project with the help of Synthetic Genomics Inc.